Hyderabad has been ruled by many hands, each lending a characteristic trait to this heritage city. The rulers belonged to different religions; they sometimes came from different corners of the world and every one of them has influenced the heritage of this city. The forts and monuments that they left behind speaks volumes of their respective eras.
The Qutub Shahi Rulers:
During his reign there was an exodus of people into the Golconda area and as a result there was an epidemic outbreak. Hence Qutub Shahi was forced to expand his kingdom. He started a new settlement along the banks of the Musi river and called it Bhagyanagar. However when Bhagmati embraced Islam and took the name of Hyder Mahal the settlement was renamed appropriately to Hyderabad. And thus Hyderabad was born.
During the reign of the different Qutub Shahi rulers art, music and literature flourished. Many learned men from all over the world visited the courts. The architecture deviated from the earlier Bahamani style into a unique style, one that today we call the Qutub Shahi style.
The decline of the rule started with the Mughal invasions. Auragazeb wanting to stamp his dominance over Deccan India , bribed a commander in the Qutub Shahi kingdom thus ending the Qutub Shahi rule.
The Nizami dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din- Siddiqi a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughals. After Aurangazeb‘s death they declared independence and moved back to Hyderabad. There were seven nizmas in total until the time Hyderabad joined India.
Each of the nizams have had architectural wonders and abundance of wealth. However due to the floods of 1908 many of the monuments were destroyed and ones that remain are mainly ones that have been reconstructed after the floods.
There are many legends and facts about the rulers of Hyderabad; but that is for another time and another post!